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        沈陽雅思培訓、沈陽托福培訓、沈陽SAT培訓、沈陽ACT培訓機構!
        如果你想說服別人,最好的辦法不是將自己的觀點強加于他人,也不是說一大堆道理,而是給他來一個鮮活的例子。
         
        說到舉例子,在議論文中,它可是百試不爽。眼見為實,當讀者看到活生生的例子擺在眼前時,自然也就很容易被作者例子所說服了。
         
        那么,我們一起來看看如何運用3W原則分析“舉例子”的說服效果!
         
         
        -1-
        What the author does?
        寫了什么
        ●  All of these examples …
         
        ●  The author goes on discuss the context of …by providing examples of …
         
        ●  He/she hones in on examples, like …
         
        ●  Throwing specific/concrete examples at us,“…”
         
        ●  …by introducing a negative example of…
         
        ●  The author opens by listing a number of representative / detailed / real life / general / related / clear / relevant examples of …
         
        -2-
        Why he or she does it?
        什么目的
        ●  In an attempt to point out the…
         
        ●  …help to justify his/her main argument that…
         
        ●  …in order to grab the reader’s attention and connect his/her claims to their “day-to-day experiences.”
         
        ●  To exemplify …,
         
        -3-
        What effect this is likely to have on readers?
        什么效果
        ●  …lead up to a dramatic rhetorical crescendo…
         
        ●  This also serves as a way to persuade leaders of the increasing importance of the need for…
         
        ●  By doing so, the author connects his/her view with the minds of audience.
         
        ●  …thus preparing the reader to follow the author’s logic.
         
         
        舉例子的主要修辭目的和效果包括:
         
        通過舉例說明來論證自己的觀點
        (justify)

        借用鮮活的例子博人眼球,從而說服讀者
        (grab the reader’s attention)

        增強文章氣勢
        (dramatic rhetorical crescendo)

        讓讀者能夠輕松跟上作者的邏輯思路
        (follow the author’s logic)
         
         
        一起來看個栗子吧
         
          
         
        原文
        It doesn’t have to be this way. Light pollution is readily within our ability to solve, using new lighting technologies and shielding existing lights. Already, many cities and towns across North America and Europe are changing to LED streetlights... Even Paris, the famed “city of light,” which already turns off its monument lighting after 1 a.m., will this summer start to require its shops, offices and public buildings to turn off lights after 2 a.m... But we will never truly address the problem of light pollution until we become aware of the irreplaceable value and beauty of the darkness we are losing.
         (Source: Let There Be Dark)
         
        分析
        What the author does?
         
        Bogard uses a specific example, Paris, “the city of light,” to finalize his claim. Bogard informs his readers that even the “City of Light” turns off its monumental lighting after 1 a.m., and that it requires office buildings to shut down the lights after 2 a.m. The reason is very simple: it makes economical sense.
         
        Why he or she does it?
         
        By using the example of Paris, a world class tourism city known for beautiful lights, and how it is making changes to reduce light usage, Bogard makes a clear statement that it is economically impractical to be overly lit up. Turning off the excessive lights and returning to darkness makes economical sense.
         
        What effect this is likely to have on readers?
         
        This strategy helps the readers to see a practical reason of preserving the natural darkness.
         
        您看到此篇文章時的感受是:
        Tags: SAT 例子 說明 文章 分析 應用 責任編輯:
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